Since independence of India, the demand for the edible oils has been growing in a parallel manner with the growing population.To meet this ever growing demand of oilseeds, the Government of India considered it necessary to give a fillip to research for enhancing productivity of oilseeds. A task force was therefore constituted by the ICAR to workout in detail the plans for the establishment of Central Institute for Oilseeds Research in the country. After a great deal of deliberations a consensus was arrived at to establish a separate national research centre exclusively for groundnut– a crop, which then accounted for 43% of total area under oilseed crops and 60 percent of total oilseeds production.
- Accordingly, it was decided in March 1979 to establish the National Research Centre for Groundnut for a period of 4 years (approved, in the interim VI plan), vide office order No. 7(33)/77-CCI dated 7th March, 1979 of Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi. The objective was to generate scientific knowledge about the crop, which would help close the gap between the yield realized and the realizable yields and also help preserve the produce till its disposal or utilization. The selection of Junagadh (latitude 21.31 north of equator; longitude 70.36 east of Greenwich; altitude 200 m above mean sea level) for establishing the NRCG (DGR) was most appropriate as the crop was already very popular among the farmers of Saurashtra region of Gujarat.
- Thus the NRCG (DGR) came into being on the 1st October, 1979 at Junagadh with the generosity of the then Gujarat Agricultural University which leased out a land of about 18 ha along with a building situated in it, on the main Junagadh-Veraval highway. Dr. H.U. Joshi, Professor of Plant Pathology of the Junagadh Campus of the then Gujarat Agricultural University functioned as the Officer of Special Duty from 15th October to 2nd June 1980. Subsequently Dr. D.P. Misra joined as the first regular Director of the centre and set the pace of initial phase of development of the centre. On 10th September 1984 Dr. P.S. Reddy took over as the second regular director who planned and spearheaded the rapid phase of development of NRCG.
- Looking to its infrastructure requirements, the NRCG, in 1986 acquired another 100 ha land from Junagadh campus of the then GAU (now known as JAU) on the Junagadh-Ivnagar road, about 4 km away from its original location to establish its own infrastructure. The construction of a new laboratory-cum-office building was completed in the third quarter of 1991 and since then the infrastructure of the centre has been continuously growing and now this centre occupies an enviable position among various crop commodity research institutions.
- While communicating the approval of XIth five year plan, the Govt. of India/ICAR has re-designated the NRCG (DGR) as Directorate of Groundnut Research.
- Basic, strategic and adaptive research on groundnut to improve productivity and quality
- Provide access to information, knowledge and genetic material to develop suitable varieties and technologies
- Coordination of applied research to develop location specific varieties and technologies
- Dissemination of technology and capacity building
The vision statement for groundnut is “Enhancing efficiency of groundnut based production system on a sustainable basis through appropriate cropping system, value addition and diversification of products so that the groundnut system as a whole becomes sustainable, remunerative and globally competitive”.
Conduct research for improving the crop production technologies to eventually enhance groundnut productivity from the current 1050 kg/ha to 1500 kg/ha for kharif (rainfed) and from 1500 kg/ha to 2000 kg/ha for rabi-summer (irrigated) by the year 2017 by developing remunerative, globally competitive and sustainable crop production and protection technologies for groundnut based cropping systems in different agro-ecological regions of India through a blend of basic and strategic multidisciplinary research