18-10-2017 | director.dgr@icar.gov.in

भाकृअनुप - मूँगफली अनुसंधान निदेशालय ICAR - Directorate of Groundnut Research

Dgr

Dgr

Dgr

Dgr

Achievements

  • The salient achievements during XIth five-year plan

    • Groundnut germplasm collection comprising 8983 accessions was maintained in the field and also in form of seed (in cold store) and 115 wild species of Arachis were also maintained
    • A mini-core collection of 167 germplasm accessions representing the entire diversity was constituted
    • Release of two groundnut varieties
      • Girnar-2: A VB variety released in 2008 for cultivation in kharif in Punjab, UP, and northern Rajasthan
      • Girnar-3: An SB variety released in 2010 for cultivation in kharif in West Bengal, Orissa and Manipur
    • Registration of a novel genotype (developed at DGR) viz., CS-19, a stem-rot resistant inter-specific hybrid derivative was obtained
    • Three perennial wild species Arachis marginata, A. prostrata, and A. glabrata identified for cultivation on underutilized lands for forage purpose
    • Significant progress made in identification of molecular markers for resistance to rust and late leaf spot diseases
    • Transgenic plants developed with
      • Coat protein genes for incorporating resistance to PBND and PSND (currently being evaluated in glasshouse)
      • mtlD gene for enhancing tolerance of drought and salinity
      • Defensin gene for enhancing resistance to fungal diseases and annexin and PR 10 genes for enhancing tolerance of abiotic stresses
    • Broad-bed-and-furrow system was identified to be very effective for in situ conservation of moisture
    • Microbial consortia developed for use as bio-fertilizers
    • Intercropping system for better and assured return identified
      • Groundnut + sesame; Groundnut + pearl millet; Groundnut + pigeon pea
      • Groundnut + chilli; Groundnut + cotton; and Groundnut + castor
    • Packages of practices for integrated nutrient management (INM) developed
    • Packages of practices for integrated pest and disease management (IPDM) developed
    • Packages of practices for prevention of contamination by aflatoxin developed
  • The salient achievements during Xth five-year plan

    • Germplasm collection of 8983 accessions of cultivated species and 70 accessions of wild species were conserved. Over 4000 accessions have so far been characterised for various agronomic traits. Repatriation of 514 accessions of Indian origin from ICRISAT to national gene bank was completed.
    • Progenies of over 100 crosses were supplied to the breeders of AICRPG network
    • Girnar-2, a Virginia bunch variety with high input use efficiency released for Rajasthan, U.P. and Punjab
    • Girnar 3, a Spanish bunch variety with tolerance of leaf miner and thrips released for West Bengal, Orissa and Manipur for cultivation in kharif
    • Marker assisted breeding programme initiated. Markers for foliar disease resistance and water use efficiency characters are being identified
    • Protocols for genetic transformation optimised and are now being used for introducing defensin (for fungal resistance); PR 10, ZAT12 TF, AtDREB1a and mtlD (for tolerance of drought/salinity); coat protein genes of PBNV and PSNV for resistance to PBND and PSND, cry1Fa1 for tolerance to Spodoptera
    • Inter-row water harvesting technique developed for soil moisture conservation.
    • Microbial consortia developed for enhancing biological nitrogen fixation and phosphorus uptake
    • IPM module for managing major groundnut insect-pests and diseases was developed
    • Roles of Ca, Fe, Zn, B as supplementary nutrients in enhancing groundnut productivity was demonstrated
    • ICGS 76, ICGS 44, ICGV 86590, BAU 13 and JL 24 were found suitable for cultivation in NEH region. Application of lime was found useful for managing soil acidity and aluminium toxicity in NEH region
    • Morpho-physiological traits associated with water use efficiency and high temperature tolerance were identified
    • Prospects of producing enzymes and chemicals on commercial scale by microbial processing of groundnut shell and expeller and solvent cakes were demonstrated
    • CS 19, a stem-rot resistant interspecific hybrid derivative, was developed and registered
    • Thresholds of soil and water salinity tolerance for groundnut crop was worked out
    • Evaluation of quality traits of major groundnut varieties was completed.
    • Components of pre- and post-harvest management practices for minimizing aflatoxin load in groundnut were worked out.

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