Salient Achievements Under All India Coordinated Research Project on Groundnut (AICRP-G)
Groundnut the premier oilseed in the Country with an area of 6 million ha. and a production of about 7.5 million ton. Looking to its importance and potential for further contribution to the oilseeds kitty, groundnut outreach research activities were delineated from the Directorate of Oilseeds Research (DOR), Hyderabad during 1992 and a separate of “All India Coordinated Research Project on Groundnut (AICRP-Groundnut)” was established during VIII-Five year plan (1992-97). To ensure effective interaction with the scientists engaged in basic and strategic research on groundnut at the national level, the Project Coordinating Unit was placed at the National Research Centre for Groundnut (NRCG), Junagadh. With this development, the AICRP-Groundnut Research activities were restructured, reorganized and strengthened to deal with the problems limiting groundnut production and productivity in the country. Specific issues related to all the four growing seasons namely to kharif and rabi-summer requirements separately through its 23 regular centres.
The AICRP-Groundnut co-ordinates multidisciplinary research on the zonal, regional and national problems having bearing on production and productivity of groundnut through AICRP-Groundnut scientists located at the State Agricultural Universities (SAUs). Unlike other oilseeds, groundnut research under AICRP is carried out both during kharif and rabi-summer seasons under diverse agro-ecological situations grouped in to five agro-climatic zones which spread over 14 states of India
Multidisciplinary research on Crop Improvement, Crop Production and Crop Protection aspects of groundnut are carried out in all the regular centres as well as selected KVKs / voluntary centres, across the country, in the areas of :
- Development of high yielding varieties possessing resistance/field tolerance to drought, diseases and pests; high temperature, salinity and acid soils.
- Development of groundnut based cropping system and economically viable production and protection technologies for exploiting the potential yield of the crop variety and thereby reducing gaps between realizable and potential.
- Demonstration of proven production and processing technologies on quality aspects through On-Farm Demonstrations for the benefit of farmers in target areas.
- Identification of stable sources of resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses at hot spots and their utilization in varietal improvement programme through national and international collaboration.
- Production of Nucleus and Breeder seed of nationally important varieties.