Since 1951, the largest area under this crop was 87.1 lakh hectares in 1989-90; the highest production was 96.9 lakh tones in 1988-90; while the highest productivity was of 1460 kg/ha in 2007-08. During 2007-08, groundnut crop occupied 62.1 lac/ha (kharif and rabi-summer) with a production of 93.6 lakh tones and productivity of 1460 kg/ha and thereby accounted for 33% of the cropped area under the oilseeds which contributed 32% of total oilseed production and 30% of the domestic edible-oil supply.
Currently six states viz. Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnatka, Tamilnadu, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal are the other states having substantial areas under this crop. In addition, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Punjab, Goa and Kerala also contribute to national groundnut production to some extent. In the last decade, the crop has been successfully introduced in the north eastern states of India.
The Global Production Scenario
The triennial (2007-09) averages of area. Production and yield, indicated that annually 371 lakh tones of groundnuts are produced in the world from a cropped area of 235 lakh hectares with an average productivity of 1579 kg/ha. China, India, Nigeria, USA and Myanmar are the top five producers. Though India ranks first in area, it ranks second (after China) in production. India accounts for 25.4% of global area and contributes 19.7% to the world production with an average productivity of 1220 kg/ha which is nearly one-third of those of USA (3731 kg/ha) and China (3339 kg/ha) and even lower than that of the world (1579 kg/ha).